Agent Sudo

This is my write-up for the machine on TryHackMe located at:

nmap scan: nmap -T4 -A

Starting Nmap 7.92 ( ) at 2021-12-17 19:59 EST
Nmap scan report for
Host is up (0.16s latency).
Not shown: 997 closed tcp ports (conn-refused)
21/tcp open  ftp     vsftpd 3.0.3
22/tcp open  ssh     OpenSSH 7.6p1 Ubuntu 4ubuntu0.3 (Ubuntu Linux; protocol 2.0)
| ssh-hostkey: 
|   2048 ef:1f:5d:04:d4:77:95:06:60:72:ec:f0:58:f2:cc:07 (RSA)
|   256 5e:02:d1:9a:c4:e7:43:06:62:c1:9e:25:84:8a:e7:ea (ECDSA)
|_  256 2d:00:5c:b9:fd:a8:c8:d8:80:e3:92:4f:8b:4f:18:e2 (ED25519)
80/tcp open  http    Apache httpd 2.4.29 ((Ubuntu))
|_http-server-header: Apache/2.4.29 (Ubuntu)
|_http-title: Annoucement
Service Info: OSs: Unix, Linux; CPE: cpe:/o:linux:linux_kernel

Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at .
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 24.08 seconds

Port 80 was opened, so I checked it out:

I tried to use BurpSuite here to edit the User-Agent to be "Agent S", based off of my assumption that my codename was Agent S. This did not work. I then used gobuster alongside the directory-list-2.3-small.txt wordlist. I then was reading this write-up which led me to realize that I was not supposed to brute-force the website, but actually just change my user agent (I used User-Agent Switcher and Manager on Firefox):

We now know that user C is chris and his password is weak. I chose this time to answer the questions on THM:

For the next task, it seemed that I needed to brute-force the password for FTP. Knowing that the username was chris, I then used hydra to try to brute-force the password: hydra -l chris -P rockyou.txt -t 16. I was able to get the password:

After logging into the ftp server with the credentials, we see the following:

I then used mget * to download all of the files:

It seems from the To_agentJ.txt file that we have to find the password in one of the images provided. Running strings on the cutie.png file, I saw this towards the end:

This led me to assume that this was the correct file to brute-force. I ran binwalk -e cutie.png and this led me to a directory with the following:

There is a password for the zip file. I used fcrackzip in order to try to brute-force the password. I was trying for a bit to understand what was going on, but I was unable to crack the password. This is when I went back to the website where I read the write-up from previously and found out about zip2john. This program gets you a hash from a zip file which you can use with John The Ripper. I then ran the following to output the hash into a location that worked for me: zip2john ../../ > ../../../zip_hash. I then ran john on the hash, and got the password in a couple seconds:

After entering the password for the zip by running 7z e, I then was able to get the file hidden in it:

In order to crack the password for the other image, I used StegSeek:

This led me to this text file:

When I entered the password hackerrules! as the answer to the question SSH password, I got it correct. This means that this is the password for SSH. Logging in with those credentials, I was able to get into the system, and get the user flag:

There was another jpeg on the system as well. I used FileZilla in order to download the file to my local machine:

On THM there was a question asking What is the incident of the photo called?. In my research I came to the conclusion it had something to do with Roswell and Aliens. I had to go back to the write-up, in order to realize the answer was roswell alien autopsy. I am still at the user (james) level, and I need to escalate my privileges. I ran sudo -l to see what sudo commands my user had:

Seems that he can run /bin/bash with sudo permission. I Googled "exploit db (ALL, !root) /bin/bash" and found the following page: This has an exploit in it for our system. I ran the exploit and got root:

I then also got the root flag:

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